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 حالات الكسور Fractures And Dislocations

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تاريخ التسجيل : 25/01/2010
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مُساهمةموضوع: حالات الكسور Fractures And Dislocations   الإثنين أبريل 25, 2011 6:40 pm




Fractures And Dislocations




A fracture is a broken or cracked bone.


Signs:


1. Pain and tenderness.

2. Difficulty in moving and breathing.

3. Swilling or bruising.

4. Discolonation of the skin.



Simple Fracture

Does not pierce through the skin. If it is not cared for properly, it could become a

compound fracture.



Compound Fracture

Pierces through the skin. Serious bleeding may occur with this kind of wound.

Do not apply pressure to a compound fracture to stop the bleeding.


Treatment

1. Treat any bleeding (see Severe Bleeding, Wounds, and Injuries). Move the victim as little as possible. (Movement may further displace broken bones and damage organs). Cover an open wound with a clean dressing.

2. For firmer support, secure the injured part to a sound part of a body. Fractured arms should always be supported against the body with a sling and a bandage, if needed. hand wrap


[ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذه الصورة]

3.Give nothing to eat or drink, because a general anaesthetic may be used when

the bones are set and eating may cause vomiting. Keep the person warm and

watch for signs of shock.

4. Contact a Doctor immediately.


Dislocations


A dislocation is a displacement of one or more bones at a joint and most

frequently happens at the shoulder, elbow, thump, finger or jaw.


signs:


1. Swelling.

2. Deformed look.

3. Pain and tenderness.

4. Possible dicoloration of the affected area.



Treatment

DO NOT try to force back a dislocated joint yourself (this should only be done by a

doctor).

1. Apply a splint to the joint to keep it from moving.

2. Try to keep joint elevated to slow bloodflow to the area.

3. A doctor should de contacted to have the bone set back into its socket.

Applying a Splint


Broken Forearm

1. If the victim can comfortably hold a broken arm across the chest, apply a splint and hold it in this position with a sting.

2. If the arm cannot be bent, splint it in the straight position and secure it to the side of the body.

arms

[ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذه الصورة]
3. Tie the splint in place above and below the break.

4. Support the forearm with a wide sling tied around the neck, so the fingers are slightly higher than the elbow.

woman

[ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذه الصورة]

Splinting Injured Leg To Uninjured Leg

1. Put padding between the legs and splint the broken leg to unbroken leg, using

broad bands of cloth (bandages, ties, scarves or belts).

2. Tie the knots above and below the break on the side of the good limp.
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حالات الكسور Fractures And Dislocations
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